250 word discussion response
Instructions: Responses should be a minimum of 250 words and include direct questions. You may challenge, support or supplement another student’s answer using the terms, concepts and theories from the required readings. Also, do not be afraid to respectfully disagree where you feel appropriate; as this should be part of your analysis process at this academic level.
Forum posts are graded on timeliness, relevance, knowledge of the weekly readings, and the quality of original ideas. Sources utilized to support answers are to be cited in accordance with the APA writing style by providing a general parenthetical citation (reference the author, year and page number) within your post, as well as an adjoining reference list. Refer to grading rubric for additional details concerning grading criteria.
Respond to Johnny:
The logic behind community policing is that police departments conduct operations for the community through using means that involve the community within their operations. While there have been studies to improve the knowledge base on community oriented policing the idea that community policing is effective might be dependent on the area or police department using community policing. As studies from the Crime & Delinquency Journal depicts that community policing is least effective where the need is the greatest (Rukus, Warner, & Zhang, 2018). For example the community policing works very well in areas where is less needed to include low crime areas where the community already has a good foundation of a relationship with its local police. However when you look at high crime areas or bigger cities the principals of community policing is more in need however less effective for many reasons to include police history of wrong doing, public distrust, high crime leading to ineffective policing, and the lack of effort to conduct community policing. Meanwhile community policing is known to be a dominant philosophy to promote the relationship between the citizens and the police which generally enhances community safety and crime prevention (Leroux & Mcshane, 2017).
The younger generation and many young adults today have known to be more critical of police and often times have been less than supportive of the police when compared to other age groups (Leroux & Mcshane, 2017). With this noted it places a negative response to police being affective in the aspect of homeland security with utilizing community policing due to a lack of trust and participation from its communities. Younger adults have been generally influenced by the media, social networks, and their communities to be fearful of the police. Additionally the response of terrorism and national defense have been contributed into hate crimes, and profiling against Middle Eastern Americans since 9/11 (U.S. Department of State, n.d.). Since 9/11 the implementation of the Patriot Act along with increased focus on homeland security has placed additional stress and segregation within its communities between law enforcement and its citizens (Pitt, 2011).
Due to a serious of mislead messages and public information it created a natural hate which was refocused on Muslim Middle-Eastern Americans as the enemy when they had no ties to the events of 9/11 or supported such things. However the idea was that middle-easterners were pronominally Muslim and looked similar to those responsible for the attack allowed for the natural segregation and hate to fuel young misinformed Americans. Community policing alone did not get the job done in the way that national security required them to which is why the Patriot Act was also utilized by law enforcement to better conduct surveillance operations on its communities (Pitt, 2011). The idea to conduct community policing is to have the public come forth and work with the police to combat crime, and national threats with information leading to arrests. Ultimately the public has a role of assisting the police with community policing in order for the system to work.
Leroux, E. J., & Mcshane, K. (2017). Changing youth attitudes toward the police through community policing programming. Journal of Community, 810-822.
Pitt, C. (2011). U.S. PATRIOT ACT AND RACIAL PROFILING: ARE THERE CONSEQUENCES OF DISCRIMINATION? Michigan Sociological Review, 53-69.
Rukus, J., Warner, M. E., & Zhang, X. (2018). Community Policing: Least Effective Where Need Is Greatest. Crime & Delinquency, 1858 – 1881.
U.S. Department of State. (n.d.). Countering Terrorism. Retrieved from U.S. Department of State: https://www.state.gov/policy-issues/countering-ter…