Unit 2 essay


For this second unit, answer the following questions.

QUESTION #1 (50%): You know that every contract must have an offer, acceptance, consideration and a meeting of the minds. (1) Explain these four terms IN YOUR OWN WORDS (graded at one point per term) AND (2) Provide an example of how each of the four elements may be seen in sports (graded at one point per example).

QUESTION #2 (20%): Look again at the NFL Standard Player Contract. In your opinion, what TWO specific provisions should be added to the NFL Standard Player Contract — and WHY? Be sure to include any cited research to support your assertions that the clauses should be included in the contract.

QUESTION #3 (20 %): What is the difference between a license and a bailment? (1 points). Give one example of each from the sports industry (1 point).

Ten percent for format/language usage.
The report must be between 500-1,000 words and is to be submitted in typed, double-spaced form. This project is 15% (15/100 points) of your overall grade.

Respond to 2 classmates HIM 301- 100 words each

Original Post

Surgical Services Scenario [WLOs: 2, 4] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3]

Prior to beginning work on this discussion forum,

  • Read Chapters 5, 7 ,8 , and 9 of Health Informatics: An Interprofessional Approach.
  • Analyze the Wire diagram of healthcare supply chain information systems in Chapter 7 of your text (Figure 7.5).

Using the scenario below respond to the discussion question provided to you by your instructor. Based on your Ashford University major of study (e.g., Health Information Management, Nursing, Health Administration, Health and Human Services or Public Health) analyze benefits, risks, and operational issues associated with these informatics systems and exchange of data in these settings. Evalute the role of the HL7 (Health Level Seven standard as discussed in Chapter 5 of your text) interface standard in data exchange between these informatics systems. Specifically, analyze your response from the standpoint of the Wire diagram of healthcare supply chain information systems in Chapter 7 of your text (Figure 7.5).


As health consumers flow through the processes of being evaluated for a surgical procedure, (i.e., being admitted to the hospital, having surgery, recovering post operatively in the hospital and discharged to recover at home) there are a variety of informatics systems, processes, and data involved. These informatics systems exchange data with each other using computer programs called system interfaces. In order to provide care to customers as part of the surgical flow process, numerous informatics systems that share data must be utilized for both clinical and administrative functions.

Initial Post: Your initial post should be a minimum of 350 words. Utilize a minimum of three unique credible or scholarly sources (excluding the textbook or other course provided resources) cited in APA format, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.) resource. Keep in mind that scholarly sources include peer-reviewed articles and non-commercial websites. Review the Ashford University Library’s Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) tip sheet for more information about sources. Multiple pages from the same scholarly website will be counted as one scholarly source.

Guided Response: Respond to at least two of your peers with each response being a minimum of five full sentences. At least one peer response should be to a peer who is in a different Ashford University major than you. Compare and contrast how your peers’ approach to the informatics solution proposed is similar or different than the approach you recommended in your major of study. What specific data and information does your major of study bring to the development of the informatics solution? Your initial post and responses to peers must be on three different days of the week.

Classmate #1 Wilner Lubin

Week 2 Discussion


Surgery is a procedure that the medical team should accord great importance because any little negligence or mistake can put the patient at risk. When a patient presents in a hospital for a surgical procedure, multiples departments must work together to assure good outcomes. The Cerner procedure is responsible for the preoperative phase. In this phase, nurses are in charge to establish a medical record for the patient, to educate the patient, to get consent for the procedure, to assess the patient for any allergic reactions to medication, to document vital signs (VS), to assess laboratory results, to establish intravenous access (IV), and to coordinate with the anesthesiologist who is in charge for the procedure. The anesthesiologist will assess the patient for a history of reaction to anesthesia in the past. Simsek et al. state “Inadequate control of the anesthesia machine and other anesthesia equipment is a common cause of the possibility of anesthesia errors and associated complications” (2020, p. 2). The anesthesiologist needs to obtain all information necessary to prevent complications. After documentation, the information gathering by the nurses will populate via the informatics system that will give access to other staff members who are included in the patient’s plan of care. The pharmacist will profile all medications requested by the anesthesiologist and the surgeon for the procedure so the patient can be charged correctly.

During the intraoperative phase, the pharmacist will make sure to send all medications requested, through the informatics system for the procedure. In the operative room, the informatics system will grant access to the surgical team so they can scan all medication because any delay in medication can trigger complications. “Intraoperative complications continue to result in increased costs and suboptimal patient outcomes” (Hijazi et al, 202, p.4). To get better outcomes from the surgery, the clinical team should minimize the risks and the cost of the procedure. The blood bank should have compatibility blood available in case of need

In the postoperative phase, the nurses will monitor the patient and report any complication to the surgeon. The pulmonary complication is more frequent after surgery because patients are unable to turn due to pain or sedation and anesthesia. “Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) constitute one of the commonest complications following anesthesia and surgery. They prolong hospital stay and add to the healthcare burden” (Gupta, 2020, p. 1). The patient must be assessed for bleeding and respiratory distress. Education on pain management and incentive spirometer should be done to prevent pulmonary complications. According to Nelson & Staggers, “The integration application in supply chain management should be included a pyxis, a supply item master file, a charge description master file, a vendor master file, and a transaction history file” (2018, p. 122). These files will communicate with each other via the information system to permit the clinical team to conduct an audit to the patient to assure that every medication, supplies, and services were documented and charged properly.


Gupta, S., Fernandes, R., Rao, J., & Dhanpal, R. (2020). Perioperative risk factors for pulmonary complications after non-cardiac surgery. Journal of Anesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology, 36(1), 88–93. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.4103/…

Hijazi, A., Padela, M. T., Sayeed, Z., Hammad, A., Devole, K., Frush, T., Mostafa, G., Yassir, W. K., & Saleh, K. J. (2020). Review article: Patient characteristics that act as risk factors for intraoperative complications in hip, knee, and shoulder arthroplasties. Journal of Orthopaedics, 17, 193–197. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.1016/j.jor.2019.06.022 (Links to an external site.)

Nelson, R. & Staggers. N. (2018). Health informatics: an interprofessional approach (2nd ed.). Retrieved from https://redshelf.com (Links to an external site.)

Şimşek, T., Yılmaz, M., Saraçoğlu, A., & Saraçoğlu, K. T. (2020). Preoperative Airway Management Checklist: The Transfer of Knowledge Into Clinical Practice by Video-based Feedback. Southern Clinics of Istanbul Eurasia, 31(1), 26–30. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.14744/scie.2019.82787

Classmate #2 Amy Davis

Week 2 – Discussion


The Cerner millennium application in figure 7.5 demonstrates the multiple use of informatics throughout the healthcare system and how they all interface with Cerner to create the EHR that will follow the patient through their hospital/surgical visit (Nelson & Staggers, 2018, p.123) A surgical patient would in general start their visit in the pre-operative area. This is where the nurse would complete a checklist by collecting patient information such as, medical/surgical history, medications currently taking, allergies, fall risk, along with many other details about the patient that could be useful during their visit. Along with this collection of patient information is when the surgical consents are addressed with the patient and signatures are obtained. Completing these types of assessments helps to decrease adverse events and increase overall patient safety during surgical procedures. (Santana, de Freitas, Ferraz & Evangelista, 2016). This collection of data is entered into Cerner that allows other applications/departments retrieve the information to assist in the care of the patient.

Healthcare reform has paved a new way in which hospitals conduct business. This has proven why it is so important to track data, measure safety and accurately bill for services provided. Cerner has helped healthcare systems to ready themselves for the future (Erkan, Wolfskill, & Craghead, 2017). One way that data can be sorted and organized is by having a data dictionary as part of the EHR. “In its simplest form, the data dictionary can be viewed as a list of the health terms and their definitions needed by the EHR, which is usually stored in one or more database tables (Nelson & Staggers, 2018, p.79).” These data dictionaries are designed to be flexible and basic and might include terms that describe diagnoses, medications, procedures or vital signs. The terms are attached to certain codes and can be linked to other terms that have the same and similar meanings. (Timm, Hui, Knoop, & Schwarz, 2013). Some attributes or characteristics that might be linked in an EHR with “Patient arrival time in the OR” might be the words such as arrival, start time, time out, surgical start, or begin. Within the data dictionary there is an ability to create term relations to describe certain codes or diagnoses.


Nelson, R. & Staggers. N. (2018). Health informatics: an interprofessional approach (2nd ed.).

Retrieved from https://redshelf.com (Links to an external site.)

Santana, H.; de Freitas, M..; Ferraz, M.; Evangelista, M.; (2016). WHO Safety Surgical

Checklist implementation evaluation in public hospitals in the Brazilian Federal District

Journal of Infection and Public Health. September-October 2016 9(5):586-599 Language: English. DOI: 10.1016/j.jiph.2015.12.019

Timm, J.; Hui, J.; Knoop, S.; Schwarz, P. (2013) Taming complex healthcare data models with

dictionary tooling. 5th International Workshop on Software Engineering in Health Care (SEHC) Software Engineering in Health Care (SEHC). Retrieved from: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6602475 (Links to an external site.)

Erkan, K.; Wolfskill, S.; Craghead, T.; (2017) Cerner: Strategies for Readying the Revenue

Cycle for the Future. Healthcare Financial Management, Sep2017, p1-6. 6p.

Retrieved from: https://www.hfma.org/topics/article/55397.html (Links to an external site.)

Self-Assessment: Power and Privilege

Getting Started

Self-awareness and commitment to ongoing personal reflection are important components of all levels of social work practice. Specifically, you will find it helpful to understand the extent to which you occupy power in society by virtue of your race, ethnicity, religion, national origin, age, familial status, and other demographic factors. For example, if you are a male who belongs to the dominant culture, your experiences of power and privilege are likely very different from those of a woman of color.

Awareness of the power and privilege you hold is not only important for self-reflection. It also affects the extent to which you can develop reciprocal and cooperative power with the organizations and communities you will serve as a macro social worker. Your group memberships may not always feel powerful to you, but they most certainly will affect how the organizations and communities that you serve perceive you. Throughout the course, you are encouraged to think about how your power and privilege may affect your work.

In this activity, you will identify the social groups that you belong to and reflect on how they may affect your perceived power and privilege. You are encouraged to reconsider these factors as you develop your knowledge of working with organizations and communities.

Upon successful completion of this assignment, you will be able to:

  • Develop reflection and self-regulation to manage the intersection of personal and professional values. (PO 1)
  • Explore injustice and oppression within the social environment at local and global levels. (PO 3)


  • Article: Understanding Power and Powerlessness: Towards a Framework for Emancipatory Practice in Social Work
  • File: Self-Assessment: Power and Privilege.pdf

Background Information

This workshop activity is an opportunity to reflect on how your own personal experiences can impact the extent to which you have power, privilege, and powerlessness. As you learned in your supplemental reading, cooperative power is difficult in a society that gives privilege to the dominant culture. Still, it is what we should strive for as social workers. By considering power, privilege, and powerlessness, social workers can better achieve power together rather than power occupied only by particular groups.


  1. Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.
  2. Read the article “Understanding Power and Powerlessness: Towards a Framework for Emancipatory Practice in Social Work.”
    1. If you are not already logged into the IWU OCLS, you will be prompted to enter your login and password to access the article.
  3. Download the Self-Assessment: Power and Privilege.pdf file. On the worksheet, complete the following:
    1. What social groups do you belong to, and how do those groups occupy a position of power and privilege?
    2. Describe any social group membership(s) that could represent powerlessness for you.
    3. How could your social groups impact how you engage communities around social action?

Sashi OB problem set – I need a case study on the below topic

Problem Set #6


Provide at least a 150 word graduate level response to each of the following questions.

1. What power tactics can employees use to translate their power bases into specific actions and how does each one work?

2. Pauline has been asked to reorganize her department, eliminating at least two people within the office. Pauline has strong personal relationships with everyone in her office and being asked to complete this task is very hard on her. Thinking back to Stage Four of the conflict process, discuss one of the types of intentions with which Pauline might struggle in this situation.


Provide at least a 150 word minimum response for each question.

Use of proper APA formatting and citations. If supporting evidence from outside resources is used those must be properly cited.

Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two qualitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part 1” document to organize your essay. Must provide rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.

In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies (must use provided ARTICLE 1 and 2 below), explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.

Prepare this assignment according to APA guidelines

Article 1:

Gu, Y. Y., Balcaen, K., Ni, Y., Ampe, J., & Goffin, J. (2016). Review on prevention of falls in hospital settings. Chinese Nursing Research, 3(1), 7-10. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299343639…

Article 2:

Cuttler, S. J., Barr-Walker, J., & Cuttler, L. (2017). Reducing medical-surgical inpatient falls and injuries with videos, icons and alarms. BMJ open quality, 6(2), e000119.Retrieved from ttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5699144/

Use a Systems Perspective to Understand the “Whole Child”


Before submitting your Assessment, carefully review the rubric. This is the same rubric the assessor will use to evaluate your submission and it provides detailed criteria describing how to achieve or master the Competency. Many students find that understanding the requirements of the Assessment and the rubric criteria help them direct their focus and use their time most productively.

Mahaley’s Story: An Ecological and Family System Perspective

Access the following to complete this Assessment:

Based on information from the video, Mahaley’s Childhood Web, and the “Mahaley Mahe: New Student Overview” document, write a 3- to 5-page response that addresses the following:

  • Describe Mahaley’s microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem. Explain how at least three of these systems influence Mahaley’s healthy development and learning.
  • Choose at least one concept from family systems theory, and explain how Mahaley’s story relates to that concept. Then, explain why understanding the concepts of the family systems theory can help support positive outcomes for Mahaley and her family.
  • Using the ideas from the family systems theory and ecological systems theory, explain how the changes described in the “Mahaley Mahe: New Student Overview” document might impact Mahaley’s healthy development and learning.
  • Explain the importance of respecting Mahaley’s family culture in this new environment in order to support her healthy development and learning.

​Assume you are the owner of a medium sized restaurant (50 seats) operation. What are the challenges you would face as you decide to reopen amidst COVID-19?

Assume you are the owner of a medium sized restaurant (50 seats) operation. What are the challenges you would face as you decide to reopen amidst COVID-19?

Pick an area from the following and list one or two decisions you would make in that area

  • Predicting Demand / Capacity
  • Marketing / Pricing
  • Food Preparation / Inventory
  • Seating / Service / Staffing
  • Menu
  • Health and safety
  • Silverware
  • Quality

Post your initial response by Wednesday. Only after you post you can see the other postings

Follow-up with responses to other posts by Sunday



Meets Expectation


Exceeds Expectation


Initial Post

(5 Points)

Initial comments are posted by 11:59PM Wednesday

Post clearly applies course content to initial questions

Post integrates course materials and new insights on initial questions

Secondary Post

(5 Points)

Student provides at least one follow-up post reflecting on the posts of other students

Student engages in the discussion by providing valuable input and reflection on the posts of at least 2 other students

Student actively engages throughout the discussion by providing timely, unique, and valuable feedback and insights



News Journal Written Assignment:

News Journals require you to relate current events to the topics covered within POS 2041, American National Government. For your first Journal, choose from one of the articles listed below.

As you review the articles you will find that some are fairly direct while other reveal the complexity of federal issues. Chose the article that you are most comfortable with and then fully address each of the following requirements:

      1. Summary – Summarize in paragraph form the facts and issues presented in the article. Document the source of your information with a parenthetical reference, i.e. (Sanger and Broad 2019, para. 4).
      2. Application – Apply three or more concepts from the assigned chapter to the main ideas in the news article. Specifically explain how the material in your textbook is illustrated in the article you are examining. This can be accomplished by using examples from the article and terms or concepts found in the textbook. You must clearly define the concepts and provide in-text citations in the APA format, including the page numbers, i.e. (Krutz 2019, p. 15) for our textbook.
      3. Analysis – Conclude with an analysis and reflection of the issue that includes reasoning related to concepts within POS 2041 an analysis of the article perspective. Does the article present the issue in a way that influences as well as informs. Lastly, include your own observations of the issue, the actions of those involved or an anticipated outcome related to your understanding of the concepts covered within the course.

      In order to receive credit, you are also required to:

      • Evenly divide your essay into sections by number and title. (i.e. 1. Summary; 2. Application; 3. Analysis)
        • 1. Summary
        • 2. Application
        • 3. Analysis
        • Penalties for not following this requirement will range from 5 to 10 points.
      • Provide comprehensive analysis by using the textbook and other course materials as the primary source of information.
        • Penalties for not following this requirement will range from 5 to 15 points.
      • Submit your essay in at least 500 words.
        • Penalties for not following the length requirement will range from 5 to 40 points.
      • Submit the essay within the due date.
        • No late submission will be allowed or graded unless documented emergency or accommodation is provided by the student.
      • Avoid copy-and-paste and unnecessary quotations.
        • Use paraphrasing instead of quoting.
          • You should use a quote only when the same idea cannot be stated differently or when doing so would diminish its academic value. The latter is not applicable in our case and the former is rarely required at this level.
          • Penalties for not complying will range from 5 to 20 points.
      • Provide, even when paraphrasing, in-text citations and references in the APA writing format.
        • Plagiarism will not be tolerated. A failing grade for the assignment and/or the course will be awarded pursuant to the SPC Academic Integrity

    reflection paper 1.5 long follow instruction only!

    see attachment to see the requirements

    please do not start writing the paragraph from ” I am at the practicum blah blah blah” or “cousnling is about this and that blag blah”, we do not need this intro, just jump straight to what we want to right in this reflection paper

    so, please follow the. direction recently two people did not wrote what I wrote and what I wanted to be in it.

    do not use names use “client or Jane”.

    this time u can write about me doing biopsychosocial assessment (intake) with 15 year old hispanic. She was got admitted to partial program (PHP). she was hospitalized last year (inpatient) exactly during same time (feb-march 2019). She came back because she saw the man who hurt her again while she was working in the bakery (fresh market). You can write how hard it was for me to work with the trauma because I do noe have a lot of experience and this girl was very tearful and I did not want her to fill worse by asking and asking questions. you can say that in one moment I left the computer and sat closer to her because felt that this conversation is being very tough and difficult for my client and I did not think that me sitting lil more far away with the computer was appropriate. You can add that at first she was not open and I switched the subject and asked about something else but than later I cam back to it asking different questions and being more empathetic and much more understanding and she opened up to me. This intake took 2h. (she was sexually molested by her uncle since she was 12 for 2 years (12-14) and she was molested together with her little cousin in uncle house. She did not speak up for 2 years she was afraid no-one will believe her, however she decided to do so. DCFS closed the case because there was not enough evidenced.

    please add some reading to it and maybe cite or paraphrase someone into that paper !! and open the attachment !

    Option #1: Capital Rationing -CT6

    Table with Cash Flows for 5 projects.

    Project A Project B Project C Project D Project E
    Initial Investment -$100,000 -$25,000 -$40,000 -$10,000 -$150,000
    Year 1 $50,000 $15,000 $20,000 $7,000 $100,000
    Year 2 $40,000 $10,000 $15,000 $4,000 $25,000
    Year 3 $20,000 $5,000 $5,000 $2,000 $10,000
    Year 4 $10,000 $1,000 $5,000 $1,000 $10,000
    Year 5 $1,000 $10,000
    Year 6 $1,000 $10,000
    1. Calculate the IRR for each of the projects presented. Rank the projects based on their IRR.
    2. Graph the projects on an Investment Opportunity Schedule (interest rate on the vertical axis and initial investment on the horizontal). Suppose the firm has a capital rationing amount of $170,000 and a required rate of return of 10%.
    3. Which projects should the firm implement based on your analysis using the IRR approach above? Write an email to your CFO explaining your rationale proving the choices based on the considerations of shareholder value and the maximum investment budget.
    • Submit your 3 to 4 page paper in a Word document, showing all of your calculations (attach Excel File if necessary) with a minimum of four references.
    • Use terms, evidence, and concepts from class readings.
    • Your paper must be formatted according to CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA Requirements.